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The Mass, Vestements, and Sacred Vessels
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Religion I

 

Students are to do the posted assignment on the website at marking31.tripod.com

 

 

A Comparison of the Mass in the Year 150 AD and Today

 

Read the description of the Mass as it was in the year 150 AD, which was written by the martyr St. Justin that was rediscovered in the 16th century.  Which part of the Mass does our “Mass of Today” have in common with this early Mass?  Answer on a separate page.

 

Students can also put together some clip art and put it on a PowerPoint.  This will be a graded assignment. 

 

Mass in the year 150 AD

 

“On the day called Sunday there is a meeting in one place of those who live in cities or the country, and the memoirs of the apostles or the writings of the prophets are read as long as time permits.  When the reader has finished, the president in a discourse urges and invites us to imitation of these noble things.  Then we all stand up together and offer prayers.  And, as said before, when we have finished the prayer, bread is brought, and wine and water, and the president similarly sends up prayers and thanksgiving to the best of his ability, and the congregation assents, saying the Amen; the distribution and reception of the consecrated elements by each one, takes place and they are sent to the absent by the deacons.  Those who prosper and those who so wish, contribute, each one as much as he chooses to.  What is collected is deposited with the president, and he takes care of orphans and widows, and those who are in want on account of sickness or any other cause, and those who are in bonds, and the strangers who are sojourners among us, and, briefly, he is the protector of all those in need”.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Vestments Worn at Mass

 

Directions:  Please do a web search for the following items.  Include for each a brief description of what it is, its historical origin, and its symbolic meaning.  A helpful site to start might be the New Advent at http://www.newadvent.org/  Again, some clip art and PowerPoint can be very helpful

 

Amice

Alb

Cincture

 

 

Sacred Vessels

The Chalice and it Appurtenances

 

 

Describe the form and function of each:

 

Chalice

Purificator

Paten.

 

 

The Amice: a white linen veil. It covers the priest’s shoulders. It represents the blindfold of Jesus.

The Alb

This is a large white tunic. It descends to the feet of the priest. Alb is white in latin.  It is worn during mass. 

The Chasuble

This is the priest’s outer vestment. It represents what Jesus was clothed in by the soldiers to mock a King.
 
Cinture
A cord or belt that goes around the priests waist holding the alb in place
The Stole
A linen scarf that goes over both shoulders.  It is a symbol of the priests authority to speak on the Word of God.  It is always in the liturgical color
The Mitre
An ancient piece of head gear that is pointed in both front and back, each representing the Old and New Testement  
The Crozier
The pastor's staff.  It is meant to remind us of the shepard's staff.  It is a symbol of the bishop's authority
 
Sacred Vessels
 The Chalice 
The chalice is the special cup in which the wine or blood of Christ is held. It must be made of gold or silver.
 Paten: The small plate, or disk made of either gold or silver meant to hold the host, or Body of Christ
 
Ciborium: a chalice-like vessel meant to hold the Blessed Sacrament, or consecrated hosts
 
The Purificator: a white linen cloth used to clean the priest's fingers, the chalice, and the paten after Holy Communion
The Corporal: a square, white linen cloth used to cover the alter where is placed the chalice, paten, and ciborium.  After math it is carefully folded from the corners in in order not to spill any of the consecrated hosts
The Pall: a small, hard, linen square used to cover the chalice to protect the consecrated wine.
Chalice Veil: a square of material used to cover the chalice and paten until they are needed for preparation during the eucharistic celebration.  The veil usually matches the liturgical colors 

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D. “The more I am able to affirm others, to say ‘yes” to them in myself, by discovering them in myself and myself in them, the more real I am. I am fully real if my own heart says yes to everyone” Thomas Merton