The Liturgical Year
What is the liturgical year?- the church year. Begins on first Sunday of Advent, December 1.
1st -Advent prepares for the arrival of Jesus
Gaudete Sunday is the third Sunday of Advent
2nd-Leads to Christmas which celebrates the birth of Christ Jesus, the Incarnation of God
Followed by Ordinary time which lasts up to Lent
3rd-Season of Lent goes until Easter
Laetare Sunday is the fourth Sunday of Lent
4th-Easter lasts until Pentecost Sunday where the resurrected Christ ascends to heaven as the Holy Spirit
comes down and enters the apostles, the Church
Pentecost Sunday marks the second period of Ordinary time that lasts until Advent.
The three major liturgical feasts of the year?
Christmas, Easter, Pentecost
Most important feast?
What day does Holy Week start?
The one day of the year there is no mass?
How many days after Easter does Pentecost come?
The liturgical season of Lent begins on?
Color that is the symbol of innocence and victory?
Color that is the symbol of sorrow and penitence used during Lent?
Color that is the symbol of blood and fire used on Pentecost?
Color that is the symbol of subdued joy used on Gaudete and Laetare Sunday?
Liturgical color that is a symbol of hope?
Other Holy Days/Feasts
The Feast of the Immaculate Conception?
The Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin?
Ascension Thursday is how many days after Easter?
The Feast in memory of Christ’s Last Supper is?
The concept of Purgatory is revealed in the Old Testament Second Book of Maccabees
Flavius Josephus, a famous Jewish historian, wrote about Jesus in the first century, confirming that he actually existed
Public worship of Catholics
Purpose of worshipping together?
To adore God, to give thanks, and to atone for your sins
The Eucharist is the focus of Catholic worship. This worship due to God alone is called Latria
The term Eucharist is Greek meaning Thanksgiving
The Blessed Sacrament is housed in the Tabernacle behind the alter
The unique characteristic of the Catholic liturgy involves the Transubstantiation of the bread and wine into the
body and blood of Christ
The term used in Mass, "Do this in memory of me" is a rough translation of the Greek word Anemnesis
To neglect to go to Mass on Sunday is, for Catholics, a mortal sin
Chalice: The cup that holds the wine during the Mass celebration is
Ciborium: A sacred vessel resembling a chalice with a closed lid where the Holy Eucharist is kept is called
Paten: A flat saucer where the Host is consecrated is called
Pall: A small, hard, linen square used to cover the chalice to protect the wine is
Sacred Vessels, continued
Corporal: A large cloth spread over the alter where the chalice, Paten, and Ciborium are placed is called
Purificator: A white linen cloth used by the priest to clean the sacred vessels and his hands is called
Chalice Veil: A white linen covering that covers the Chalice between masses
Alb: Latin for white: a long, ankle-length robe worn over the Amice and under the Chasuble. Is a symbol of purity
Stole: A long narrow scarf worn by the priest as a symbol of his priestly office
Amice: A white linen veil that covers a priest’s shoulders and is worn underneath the Alb is called
Cincture: a rope or cord used to wrap up the Alb
Chasuble: Latin for ‘Little House’ A large, external garment worn by the priest that looks like a poncho and
has a large cross on it
Biretta: a square cap worn outside by priests
Mitre: an ancient piece of head gear that is pointed at top. Worn by bishops and cardinals
Crozier: a hooked staff, means pastor’s staff
Pastor is Latin for shepherd
Founder of the Christian Brothers?
Patron Saint of Television?
Patron Saint of the Archdiocese of New York?
Patron Saint of children and sailors?
The Church: Origins
Jesus and the Apostles
Catholic Church established by Jesus (whose name means "God Saves") as an instrument of salvation
Led by Peter (the first Pope), the twelve apostles established the church as a hierarchy with a particular form: bishops,
priests, deacons, laity
Jesus passed on power to Peter and the apostles to continue the sacraments
Two Sources of Church Teachings
: believed to be divinely inspired, revealed divine truth
centered on the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth
believed to be the Christ: Anointed of God, the Son of God.
: "that which is passed on"
The rituals, doctrine, canon law developed over time
Meant to give meaning and relevance to Scripture
authoritative teaching voice of church
The Pope, Cardinals, and Bishops make up the Magisterium and are the authoritative interpreters of Scripture and Tradition
Marks of the Church
One, Holy, catholic, apostolic
Attributes of the Church?
-Authority: derived from Christ
-Infallibility: the Holy Spirit ensures infallibility and indefectibility
-Indefectibility: without defect (?)
Three Parts/Branches of Church
Structure of Catholic Church
Arch Diocese: ruled by Arch Bishop
Diocese: ruled by Bishop
Priests: from the Latin word pastor, meaning shepherd