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The Postmodern Catholic

Midterm Review Catholicism
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The Mass, Vestements, and Sacred Vessels
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The Liturgical Year

What is the liturgical year?- the church year. Begins on first Sunday of Advent, December 1.

1st -Advent prepares for the arrival of Jesus

Gaudete Sunday is the third Sunday of Advent

2nd-Leads to Christmas which celebrates the birth of Christ Jesus, the Incarnation of God

Followed by Ordinary time which lasts up to Lent

3rd-Season of Lent goes until Easter

Laetare Sunday is the fourth Sunday of Lent

 

4th-Easter lasts until Pentecost Sunday where the resurrected Christ ascends to heaven as the Holy Spirit comes down and enters the apostles, the Church

Pentecost Sunday marks the second period of Ordinary time that lasts until Advent.

 

The three major liturgical feasts of the year?

Christmas, Easter, Pentecost

Most important feast?

Easter

What day does Holy Week start?

Palm Sunday

The one day of the year there is no mass?

Good Friday

How many days after Easter does Pentecost come?

50

The liturgical season of Lent begins on?

Ash Wednesday

Liturgical Colors

Color that is the symbol of innocence and victory?

White

Color that is the symbol of sorrow and penitence used during Lent?

Purple

Color that is the symbol of blood and fire used on Pentecost?

Red

Colors continued

Color that is the symbol of subdued joy used on Gaudete and Laetare Sunday?

Rose/Pink

Liturgical color that is a symbol of hope?

Green

Other Holy Days/Feasts

The Feast of the Immaculate Conception?

December 8th

The Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin?

August 15th

Ascension Thursday is how many days after Easter?

40

The Feast in memory of Christ’s Last Supper is?

Holy Thursday

The concept of Purgatory is revealed in the Old Testament Second Book of Maccabees

Flavius Josephus, a famous Jewish historian, wrote about Jesus in the first century, confirming that he actually existed

The Liturgy

Public worship of Catholics

Purpose of worshipping together?

To adore God, to give thanks, and to atone for your sins

The Eucharist is the focus of Catholic worship. This worship due to God alone is called Latria

The term Eucharist is Greek meaning Thanksgiving

The Blessed Sacrament is housed in the Tabernacle behind the alter

The unique characteristic of the Catholic liturgy involves the Transubstantiation of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ

The term used in Mass, "Do this in memory of me" is a rough translation of the Greek word Anemnesis

To neglect to go to Mass on Sunday is, for Catholics, a mortal sin

Sacred Vessels

Chalice: The cup that holds the wine during the Mass celebration is

Ciborium: A sacred vessel resembling a chalice with a closed lid where the Holy Eucharist is kept is called

Paten: A flat saucer where the Host is consecrated is called

Pall: A small, hard, linen square used to cover the chalice to protect the wine is

Sacred Vessels, continued

Corporal: A large cloth spread over the alter where the chalice, Paten, and Ciborium are placed is called

Purificator: A white linen cloth used by the priest to clean the sacred vessels and his hands is called

Chalice Veil: A white linen covering that covers the Chalice between masses

Vestments

Alb: Latin for white: a long, ankle-length robe worn over the Amice and under the Chasuble. Is a symbol of purity

Stole: A long narrow scarf worn by the priest as a symbol of his priestly office

Amice: A white linen veil that covers a priest’s shoulders and is worn underneath the Alb is called

Cincture: a rope or cord used to wrap up the Alb

Chasuble: Latin for ‘Little House’ A large, external garment worn by the priest that looks like a poncho and has a large cross on it

Vestments continued

Biretta: a square cap worn outside by priests

Mitre: an ancient piece of head gear that is pointed at top. Worn by bishops and cardinals

Crozier: a hooked staff, means pastor’s staff

Pastor is Latin for shepherd

Saints

Founder of the Christian Brothers?

Edmund Rice

Patron Saint of Television?

Saint Clair

Patron Saint of the Archdiocese of New York?

Saint Patrick

Patron Saint of children and sailors?

Saint Nicholas

The Church: Origins

Jesus and the Apostles

Catholic Church established by Jesus (whose name means "God Saves") as an instrument of salvation

Led by Peter (the first Pope), the twelve apostles established the church as a hierarchy with a particular form: bishops, priests, deacons, laity

Jesus passed on power to Peter and the apostles to continue the sacraments

Two Sources of Church Teachings

Holy Scripture: believed to be divinely inspired, revealed divine truth

centered on the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth

believed to be the Christ: Anointed of God, the Son of God.

Tradition: "that which is passed on"

The rituals, doctrine, canon law developed over time

Meant to give meaning and relevance to Scripture

Magisterium: authoritative teaching voice of church

The Pope, Cardinals, and Bishops make up the Magisterium and are the authoritative interpreters of Scripture and Tradition

Marks of the Church

One, Holy, catholic, apostolic

Attributes of the Church?

-Authority: derived from Christ

-Infallibility: the Holy Spirit ensures infallibility and indefectibility

-Indefectibility: without defect (?)

Theological Virtues

Faith

Hope

Charity

Three Parts/Branches of Church

Church Militant

Church Suffering

Church Triumphant

Church

Structure of Catholic Church

Arch Diocese: ruled by Arch Bishop

Diocese: ruled by Bishop

Parish: Monsignor

Priests: from the Latin word pastor, meaning shepherd

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D. “The more I am able to affirm others, to say ‘yes” to them in myself, by discovering them in myself and myself in them, the more real I am. I am fully real if my own heart says yes to everyone” Thomas Merton